3. Protection from Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is an eye related disease in which vision is lost due to deterioration of tissue layer in center of retina. Papaya is loaded with carotenoids such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin which lower the progression of the disease. Antioxidants Vitamin A, C and E found in papaya acts as free-radical scavengers and delay aging. Consequently, the onset of disease is delayed. High levels of phytonutrients like lutein, zeaxanthin prevents against cataracts and glaucoma.
2. Assists in Digestion
If you have an upset stomach or heartburn then having papaya can aid you with digestion. Papaya consists of papain and chymopapain, enzymes which break down protein into smaller constituents, called amino acids. Once broken down these compounds can be easily absorbed and digested by the body. In addition papaya contains high fiber and acts as laxative for ensuring regular bowel movement. Recent studies suggest that unripe papaya might be effective in curing gastric ulcers.
1. Heart disease
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most prevalent diseases responsible for claiming higher number of lives in the developed and developing countries. One of the prime reasons for onset of disease is the accumulation of bad cholesterol and cholesterol oxidation in the arteries that supply blood to heart. Papaya is high in Vitamin A, C and E. Vitamin C and E aid in reducing oxidation of cholesterol and thus prevents plague formation in arteries. In addition to it, presence of dietary fiber in papaya decreases level of bad cholesterol thus preventing stroke and heart attack. Another important nutrient present is folic acid, one of the vitamin B. It gets rid of homocysteine, a toxin present in blood, which damages blood vessels.
Papaya also boosts immune system, cures several skin related diseases and is a great food for diabetic people. Leaves of papaya can be formulated as tea for combating cancer and as ointment against dengue and malaria. Though the fruit offers plentiful of health benefits, some people might develop allergies due to latex. Overconsumption of fruit might lead to upset stomach and indigestion. Some studies have reported the contraceptive ability of unripe papaya. Hence, pregnant women are advised to avoid uptake of unripe fruit.