When will we be talking with androids just like we do with our friends? By which year will be driving on the driverless cars on our way to work? Will I be still alive when humans have started settlement on the moon? Well, the answers to these questions aren’t easy and even if someone answers them, we can’t decide as to the validity of them since we don’t exactly know when the androids, driverless cars or human settlement in moon will be a commonplace thing. However, we all know that human civilization is taking steady steps towards making these things a reality. Even such sophisticated concepts don’t seem to be much away from turning into a reality. Kudos to human ingenuity!
The human civilization whose next focus is on feats in the scale of establishing its settlement on the moon, however started all those years back its journey of scientific innovations and achievements in the most primitive form. (Of course, from modern day perspective!) Our ancestors looked out for ways to skip past the problems they faced around them in those times and at each step, created something new. Plato rightfully said “Necessity is the mother of all inventions”. Starting from those primitive inventions, we have come to this point in time where our talks focus on androids, driverless cars, dream linking, augmented reality and other such sorts of things. What were the most important findings in the earliest stages of human civilization?
Here is the list of top 10 oldest inventions from the ancient world, selected on the basis of their importance in the overall course of human civilization.
10. Musical instruments
A musical instrument, the device created or adapted to make musical sounds has its history dating back to the beginnings of human culture. Early musical were used for rituals such as a trumpet to signal success on the hunt, or a drum in a religious ceremony. The date and origin of the first device considered a musical instrument is disputed. The oldest object that has been referred to as a musical instrument has its history dating back as far as 67,000 years ago. This happens to be a pretty simple flute. However, at some occasions, the date of these early flutes are considered to about 37,000 years ago. Many early musical instruments were made from animal skins, bone, wood, and other non-durable materials because of which it has remained difficult to retrieve their remains. Musical instruments evolved in the course of time, changing their shapes, melodies and compositions.
The evidence of wheels exists from the mid-4th millennium BC, almost parallel in Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, the Northern Caucasus and Central Europe, so that which culture originally invented the wheel is not precisely known. The Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel is the world’s oldest known wooden wheel, dating from around 5,250 BP. Although the whereabouts of where the wheel originated in the beginning is unknown on exact terms, the invention of the wheel is placed during the period in the late Neolithic and is remembered as an important catalyst to give rise to the early Bronze Age. The invention of the wheel is one of the most important inventions of all time. Wheel was later used in different forms such as cart wheel, water wheel, cogwheel and spinning wheel, thus benefiting human civilization in many ways. The invention of the wheel was also at the root of the Industrial Revolution, although it would take a long time to get there.
The earliest known map is a Babylonian clay tablet. It was excavated in 1930 at the city of Ga-Sur at Nuzi, close to the ancient Babylon. This map-tablet is often considered to date from the Sargon of Akkad dynasty (2,300-2,500 B.C.) The surface of this tablet is inscribed with a map of a district bounded by two ranges of hills and bisected by a water-course. The idea of using maps was a great initiative in the early days of human civilization because with the wide and effective use of maps, humans became able to travel from one land to another, exploring resources on their paths and connecting with people living on other parts of the world too.